Peace is a concept that many philosophers, known or not, have worked all their lives. Their work now allows us to better understand the world, but especially to live in peace and bring it around us.
Here are 5 philosophers who wrote about peace
1- Kant and the perpetual peace
Kant shares the following observation: States are either at war or live in a de facto, unstable and precarious peace. Kant's intention is to take states out of their natural state, that is, from a state of conflict, permanent war, the law of the strongest.
Kantian realism often attributed to Kant, is clear: war is natural. But this naturalness does not justify it, whatever may be the cause. The moralization of politics aims at peace, a peace that allows people to feel secure, not to fear about their lives.
2- Jean Jacques Rousseau
For Rousseau, peace is not only opposed to war but also to servitude. It is therefore not synonymous with tranquility, and is defined as "safety" on the condition of including the guarantee of life and liberty of everyone by the whole community.
Under such definition, it then returns to a positive state of justice and concord: The rest, union, concord and all the ideas of benevolence and mutual affection seem contained in this valuable word which is “peace”. It brings to the soul the fulness of feeling that makes us love and value both our own existence and that of others.
For Aristotle, peace is the finality of everything. It is for him the ideal to achieve for each individual. And even if it seems utopian, it's a state that everyone needs to research. Nevertheless for Aristotle, war is a step that must be taken, and is not necessarily bad.
War, says Aristotle, forces temperance and justice, but when there is no more war, one must remain temperate and just, what an orderly constitution for the war cannot achieve. Which does not mean that war is outlawed.
Hobbesian political theory provides a conceptual framework for rethinking peace and the advent of a culture of peace. With him, political philosophy can also be redesigned as a science of peace where it becomes a rigorous reflection on ways to ensure lasting peace and curb war on a daily basis.
Hobbes is still relevant to the extent that he has been able to situate the issue of war and peace in an anthropological and political perspective. For Hobbes, therefore, peace is closely linked to politics; therefore it is important to establish a policy for peace so that everyone can find that inner rest.
5- A Nobel Peace Prize receiver Prem Rawat
Although, Prem Rawat is not really a philosopher, this Nobel Peace Prize receiver has extensive experience in peace. Traveling in the world to bring peace, Prem Rawat sees peace as a state of mind that everyone should have.
He speaks in particular at several world summits, but also works through his association surrounded by volunteers sharing his vision and goal. Peace is also happiness for him. And it is important for him to share and guide everyone in search of peace.